European silver 15th – early 20th centuries

European silver 15th – early 20th centuries

The applied art collection is mostly composed of the works by western silversmiths from the 15th - early 20th centuries. The profound study of these heterogeneous silver objects began only in 1998, so their history remains with many blanc spots to explore.

The collection of European Silver represents the survived pieces of the cultural heritage of Ukraine that can reflect the cultural, commercial or political relations with western countries.

There are near 400 works by more then 100 silversmiths from Austria, Hungary, Poland, Sweden, the Netherlands, France, Italy, Switzerland, and Germany, created in various styles, from Gothic till Art Nouveau.
The earliest examples are two chalices created in Hungary in the 15th century.

Nice part of the collection represents such jewelry centres as Nuremberg and Augsburg. Also in the cities of Hamburg, Braunschweiz, Konigsberg and Berlin existed guilds of highly skilled silversmiths, who created a gorgeous variety of tableware.  These silver chefs d’oeuvre were appreciated all around Europe.

The first among main silversmithing cities was Nuremberg - the imperial town, since the 13th century - that great commercial centre shone with its Jewelry lustre since the late 15th till the early 18th century. During that time there were created the most delicate silver and gold objects, demanded by wealthy Europeans of all countries. The goldsmiths of Nuremberg sculptured fine vessels in various forms: double, campanula- , ananas-, and winegrape-shaped goblets, recipients like a human or an animal. The owl-shaped cup was created in 1622-1660 by Wolf Christoph Ritter, one of those silversmiths who favoured the antique symbol of wisdom.

Through Thirty Years' War the city of Nuremberg lost its mightiness. In the 17th – 18th centuries the free city of Augsburg, situated on the land abounded with silver mines, became the greatest centre of European silversmithing. In this important centre at commercial roads crossing there worked more hundred goldsmiths. The museum collection represents the leading masters of Augsburg: Johann Flicker III, Abraham Waremberger, David and Gabriel Bessman, Wolfgang Caspar Kolb, Johann Stippeldi.

The early 17th century silver retains knorpelwerk (tuberous ornament) or rollwerk (scrollwork). One of skillful goblet makers Johann Flicker III embossed a recipient with favourite early baroque ornament of diamond-like facets.

Late baroque silver bears rich floral ornaments with gorgeous flowers, bundles of leaves and fruits. This kind of image is embossed on the plates that decorated the noble interiors. As a highlight of Augsburg works there is a sumptuous silver-gilt plate by David Bessman, where the silversmith elaborately embossed a royal reception of the queen of Sheba.

Augsburg enamellists are famous for their bright coulorful enamels. The chalice, created by Wolfgang Caspar Kolb in 1675-1704, bears wonderful medallions enameled with detailed scenes from the Evangel.
The goldsmiths from Konigsberg are famous for their gorgeous tankards. There is a unique one created by Laurens Hoffman. This tankard is decorated with thirty-two various German silver coins,  and its lid bears the medal commemorating the victory of the Polish army led by the king  Wladislav IV above the Muscovite troops at Smolensk in 1634.

Great number of church and secular objects are from Warsaw, Krakow, Gdansk, Glogow, Olawa, Strzelin, Strzegom and Wroclaw.

The most pieces from Wroclaw, known also as Breslau, hint at high quality silversmithing in this Silesia's centre since the Renaissance till the Neoclassicism. The museum houses the works by 29 goldsmiths of Wroclaw: Jorge Schlefuss, Hans Hokke, Christian Mentzel, Gottfried Heintze, Tobias Schier, Tomas Beil and others. The most objects were created in baroque period. 1761-1771-years monstrance was created by Johann Gottlieb Okrusch who followed then rococo style.

Gdansk, big commercial centre situated in the estuary of the Vistula, was a place of important jewelry production in the second half 17th century Gdansk goldsmiths had been famous for high quality silver arts. The museum takes care of the baroque works by 19 Gdansk masters, the greatest among them are Nathanael Schlaubitz, Christian Pichgel, Ernst Kadau II, Jakob Beckhausen. There existed goldsmith dynasties with their own decorative character. The magnificent 17th century plate could be created by Peter Rantzenkrammer or Peter von der Rennen – the main hunting scene, embossed on the ground, has a knorpel setting, also on the rim there are four medallions, three with flowers, and the upper shows the Chaser knight of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.

Warsaw silver is presented mostly by the 19th century works. At the beginning of the century that city became the neoclassicism silver centre. This style is well represented by Jan Macej Schwartz and Szymon Stanecki. In the first half 19th century Warsaw workshops grew into the first jewelry factories, the most famous were those of Josef Frage and Carol Philipp Malce – this one  opened the production in 1828 and worked until 1939.
The main European silver centres are presented by some table ware and personal adornments. These works reflect the battles of the styles since the 18th till the early 20th century.

How the oriental commerce influenced the Rococo design is well seen in the 1780s-years French teapot created in chinoiserie style.

Since 1830s, the artists looked for their inspiration in the past styles. The goldsmiths of Vienna inspired by the Rococo created gorgeous dining silver, that gained popularity all around Europe.

The late 19th – the early 20th was the time of Art Nouveau style, striking with contrast materials use and fascinating with its organic shapes, floral and plant-inspired motifs.

You are always welcome to enjoy the European silverworks on display in the last museum room, to follow their shapes, to discover their images, to imagine their use and guess their makers’ aspirations.

Facets-embossed tankard

Facets-embossed tankard

Circa 1600.

Germany, Augsburg.

Johann Flicker III.

Owl-shaped goblet

 

Owl-shaped goblet

1622-1660.

Germany, Nuremberg.

Wolf Christoph Ritter.

Tankard with battle on cast sleeve

Tankard with battle on cast sleeve

1670s - 1730s.

Germany, Konigsberg.

Peter Schonermarck.

Solomon and Saba plate

Solomon and Saba plate

1640-1677.

Germany, Augsburg.

Dawid Bessmann.

Chaser Plate

Chaser Plate

1630s - 1650s.

Poland, Gdansk.

Master Peter von der Rennen.

Tankard with German coins and a Polish medal

Tankard with German coins and a Polish medal

1659-1684.

Germany, Konigsberg.

Lorenz Hoffmann.

Eucharistic chalice with enamels

Eucharistic chalice with enamels

1694.

Germany, Augsburg.

Wolfgang Caspar Kolb.

Plate

Plate

1690-1691.

Poland, Wroclaw.

Christian Winckler.

Venera and Adonis plate

Venera and Adonis plate

1674-1681.

Poland, Gdansk.

Ernst Kadau II.

Goblet

Goblet

1689.

Germany, Augsburg.

Johann Conrad Treffler.

Battle, Fruits and Four Imperatores plate

Battle, Fruits and Four Imperatores plate

1695-1700.

Germany, Augsburg.

Abraham Waremberger.

Tankard with ivory sleeve


Tankard with ivory sleeve

1736.

Germany, Augsburg.

Eucharistic Pyx

Eucharistic Pyx

1710-1720.

Poland, Glogow.

Johann Stoss.

Monstrance

Monstrance

1761-1771.

Poland, Wroclaw.

Johann Gottlieb Okrusch.

Eucharistic chalice

Eucharistic chalice

1728-1737.

Poland, Wroclaw.

Christian Pitchman.

Tureen

Tureen

Mid 19th century.

Germany, Augsburg.

Pegasus jug

Pegasus jug

Early 19th century.

Germany, Berlin.

Trinket "Golden Fleece"

Trinket "Golden Fleece"

Early 19th century.

Germany.

Tureen

Tureen

Early 19th century.

Poland, Warsaw.

Szymon Stanecki.

Pagoda Teapot

Pagoda Teapot

Late 18th century.

France.

Engel-Teufel coffee set

Engel-Teufel coffee set

1858.

Austria, Vienna.

Wine ewer with eagle

Wine ewer with eagle

Late 19th century.

Austria, Vienna.

Monstrance

Monstrance

1853.

Poland, Warsaw.

Karol Filip Malcz Company.

Three Putti Vase

Three Putti Vase

Last quarter of the 19th century.

Germany.

Pitcher

Pitcher

1806.

Austria, Vienna.

Trophy tankard

Trophy tankard

1900.

Germany.

J. Wagner & Sohn Firm.

Plate with coins

Plate with coins

Late 19th - early 20th century.

Germany.

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